Production of agricultural farms is economical value of gross agricultural output related to the output prices of agricultural production calculated as a sum of value(s) of main product(s) and secondary product(s). Value added tax, taxes of products and direct payments are not involved in the calculation.


In the past, the Standard Gross Margin (SGM) was used as a criteria of farm production. The SGM was calculated for each type of crop and livestock item and was defined as the value of the output from one hectare or one animal lowered by the costs of variable inputs required to the production. The value of the output included subsidies. The SGM was used until 2007 and replaced by the Standard Output since 2008.


Standard output (SO) is a value of production representing the situation in the particular region and each agricultural production specialisation. Coefficients of Standard output are calculated for all economic significant crops and farm animal categories. Values of SO in plant production are determined in hectare of managed area. Determined values of SO are divided by the number of consecutive harvests imparted by the member states of FADN. Values of SO in animal production are determined in head of farm animals except the poultry (determined in 100 heads) and beehives (determined in 1 hive).


Production period of SO calculation equals to 12 months (calendar or agricultural marketing season). Products of plant or animal production with the production period shorter or longer than 12 months are calculated as the SO of growth or production in the period of 12 months.

To calculate values of Standard output for statistical survey of farm structure in the European Union, the N year is defined by the Reference period of standard output, which is related to the 5 consequential years from N-5 year to N-1 year. Values of Standard output are determined by average basic data calculated from defined 5-year reference period and labelled as a Standard output N-3. Values of N-3 Standard output are actualised regularly to represent economic development of every statistical survey of farm structure.


The first valued period of Standard output calculation represents the period of 2007 related to the calendar years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 or agricultural marketing seasons 2005/06, 2006/07, 2007/08, 2008/09 a 2009/10. Following reference periods represent the year 2010 (2008–2012 period) and the year 2013 (2011–2015 period).






















vs  25.09.2019